http://www.baeldung.com/2011/12/13/the-persistence-layer-with-spring-3-1-and-jpa/

Table of Contents

  1. Overview

  2. The JPA Spring Configuration with Java

  3. The JPA Spring Configuration with XML

  4. Going full XML-less

  5. The Maven configuration

  6. Conclusion

  7. Overview

This is tutorial shows how to set up Spring with JPA, using Hibernate as a persistence provider.

For a step by step introduction about setting up the Spring context using Java based configuration and the basic Maven pom for the project, see this article.

NEW: Here is a video on setting up Hibernate 4 with Spring 4 (I recommend watching in in full 1080p):

  1. The JPA Spring Configuration with Java

To use JPA in a Spring project, the EntityManager needs to be set up.

This is the main part of the configuration – and it is done via a Spring factory bean – either the simpler LocalEntityManagerFactoryBean or the more flexibleLocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean. The latter option is used here, so that additional properties can be configured on it:

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@Configuration

@EnableTransactionManagement

public class PersistenceJPAConfig{

@Bean

public LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean entityManagerFactory() {

LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean em = new LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean();

em.setDataSource(dataSource());

em.setPackagesToScan(new String[] { “org.baeldung.persistence.model” });

JpaVendorAdapter vendorAdapter = new HibernateJpaVendorAdapter();

em.setJpaVendorAdapter(vendorAdapter);

em.setJpaProperties(additionalProperties());

return em;

}

@Bean

public DataSource dataSource(){

DriverManagerDataSource dataSource = new DriverManagerDataSource();

dataSource.setDriverClassName(“com.mysql.jdbc.Driver”);

dataSource.setUrl(“jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/spring_jpa”);

dataSource.setUsername( “tutorialuser” );

dataSource.setPassword( “tutorialmy5ql” );

return dataSource;

}

@Bean

public PlatformTransactionManager transactionManager(EntityManagerFactory emf){

JpaTransactionManager transactionManager = new JpaTransactionManager();

transactionManager.setEntityManagerFactory(emf);

return transactionManager;

}

@Bean

public PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor exceptionTranslation(){

return new PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor();

}

Properties additionalProperties() {

Properties properties = new Properties();

properties.setProperty(“hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto”, “create-drop”);

properties.setProperty(“hibernate.dialect”, “org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect”);

return properties;

}

}

Also, note that, before Spring 3.2, cglib had to be on the classpath for Java @Configurationclasses to work; to better understand the need for cglib as a dependency, see this discussion about the cglib artifact in Spring.

  1. The JPA Spring Configuration with XML

The same Spring Configuration with XML:

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<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans”

xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance”

xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx”

xsi:schemaLocation=”

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx

http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.2.xsd">

create-drop

org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect

<tx:annotation-driven />

<bean id="persistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor”

class="org.springframework.dao.annotation.PersistenceExceptionTranslationPostProcessor” />

There is a relatively small difference between the way Spring is configured in XML and the new Java based configuration – in XML, a reference to another bean can point to either the bean or a bean factory for that bean. In Java however, since the types are different, the compiler doesn’t allow it, and so the EntityManagerFactory is first retrieved from it’s bean factory and then passed to the transaction manager:

txManager.setEntityManagerFactory( this.entityManagerFactoryBean().getObject() );

  1. Going full XML-less

Usually JPA defines a persistence unit through the META-INF/persistence.xml file. Starting with Spring 3.1, the persistence.xml is no longer necessary – theLocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean now supports a ‘packagesToScan’ property where the packages to scan for @Entity classes can be specified.

This file was the last piece of XML to be removed – now, JPA can be fully set up with no XML.

4.1. The JPA Properties

JPA properties would usually be specified in the persistence.xml file; alternatively, the properties can be specified directly to the entity manager factory bean:

factoryBean.setJpaProperties( this.additionalProperties() );

As a side-note, if Hibernate would be the persistence provider, then this would be the way to specify Hibernate specific properties.

  1. The Maven configuration

In addition to Spring Core and persistence dependencies – show in detail in the Spring with Maven tutorial – we also need to define JPA and Hibernate in the project, as well as a MySQL connector:

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org.hibernate

hibernate-entitymanager

4.3.5.Final

runtime

mysql

mysql-connector-java

5.1.30

runtime

Note that the MySQL dependency is included as a reference – a driver is needed to configure the datasource, but any Hibernate supported database will do.

  1. Conclusion

This tutorial illustrated how to configure JPA with Hibernate in Spring using both XML and Java configuration.

We also discussed how to get rid of the last piece of XML usually associated with JPA – thepersistence.xml. The final result is a lightweight, clean DAO implementation, with almost no compile-time reliance on Spring.

The implementation of this Spring JPA Tutorial can be downloaded as a working sample project.

This is an Eclipse based project, so it should be easy to import and run as it is.